Add to collection
  • + Create new collection
  • Whether you are a scientist running feed trials or a farmer managing pasture and feed supplies, measuring pasture mass is an important part of the job. Pasture mass is the amount of pasture per hectare and is usually measured in kilograms of dry matter per hectare (kgDM/ha). Dry matter is the plant material left behind when the water in it is removed. Dry matter per hectare is a unit for measuring pasture production.

    A dairy cow at the peak of her production consumes around 18 kg of dry matter (around 100 kg of fresh pasture weight) per day. A ewe with a single lamb consumes 2–3 kg of dry matter per day.

    Dairy research methodologies

    Dairy farming research comes with some interesting challenges – for the scientists and the farm managers who work with them.

    Select here to view video transcript and copyright information.

    In this activity, students explore a few of the ways in which scientists and farmers measure pasture mass – the fresh weight in the paddock and the dry matter it produces.

    This activity follows on from Observing pasture composition.

    By the end of this activity, students should be able to:

    • use some of the terminology associated with measuring pasture mass
    • talk about why farm managers and/or scientists measure pasture mass
    • use a quadrat cut to observe fresh pasture
    • use a microwave to convert a fresh sample to dry matter
    • use simple formulas to determine pasture mass – kgDM/ha for a local pasture or school field sample.

    Download the Word file (see link below).

    Related content

    Find out about New Zealand pastures and pasture plant species in this article and interactive.

    Watch these videos to see what’s happening in precision agriculture sensing tools:

    Useful links


    This resource has been produced with the support of DairyNZ.

    Rights: DairyNZ


    DairyNZ is the industry organisation that represents all New Zealand dairy farmers. DairyNZ supports farmers through investing in research, resource development, extension and advocacy to ensure sustainable dairy farming and food production.

      Published 15 April 2021 Referencing Hub articles
          Go to full glossary
          Download all